The AHOB Picture Library


Interior of Gough's Cave showing the 1986 excavation area.
(c) Dr Ruth Charles
Paviland Cave Excavation (from Buckland)
Mousterian Bout Coupé handaxe. Late Oxygen Isotope Stage 3. Gough's Cave adult calotte showing cutmarks indicative of skinning and scalping. Excavated in 1987, the cranium has been dated to the late glacial interstadial (12,380 +/_ 110 radiocarbon years, OXA-2796. The Cave has produced many human bones, some of which bear cutmarks and marrowbone breakage suggestive of cannibalism.
Reindeer antler bâton excavated from Gough's Cave in 1989. An AMS date of 11, 870 +/_ 110 (OXA 2797) provides the first direct date for a baton from any northwest European site. Occupation at the site covers part of the late glacial interstadial ~12,000 radiocarbon years ago; the range of dates on hominid bones and humanly modified bones suggestions accumulation was not a single event.
Saiga antelope, Saiga tatarica, upper molar and calcaneus (Gough's Cave, Mendip, Somerset) dated to 12, 380 +/_ 160 BP (OXA 463). The present-day saiga is found in steppe and semi-desert in Central Asia. Fossil localities from the fringes of Western Europe to Alaska indicate an expansion of dry steppic conditions across the Northern Hemisphere at ~ 12 kya.
Gough's Cave, Mendip, Somerset. Late Upper Palaeolithic (Creswellian) blades from the 1987 excavation.
Paviland Cave, Gower. Excavations in the 1820s recovered the spectacular burial of an adult male covered in red ochre and accompanied by numerous grave goods. AMS dates suggest multiple phases of occupation and ritual use of the site.


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